Canada is popular for its flexible and technology-friendly approach concerning contracts and their execution. The Personal Information Protection and Electronic Documents Act (PIPEDA) of 2004 was implemented on a federal level. Under PIPEDA, all types of eSignature are recognised as equivalent to a physical one and are also valid in court. All companies operating in the Canadian market are free to use both electronic and paper documents, as the law does not distinguish between their validity. On the provincial level, nine provinces have adopted the the Uniform Electronic Commerce Act (UECA) of 1999. The essentials of a valid eSignature under UECA and PIPEDA are quite similar.